European Association Competent Authorities

LEGISLATION

1. INTERNATIONAL

1.1. IAEA Safety & Security Publications

  • Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SSR-6)
  • Advisory Material for the IAEA Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SSG-26, IAEA)
  • Planning and Preparing for Emergency Response to Transport Accidents Involving Radioactive Material (TS-G-1.2, IAEA)
  • Radiation Protection Programmes for the Transport of Radioactive Material (TS-G-1.3, IAEA)
  • The Management System for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (TS-G-1.4, IAEA)
  • Compliance Assurance for the Safe Transport of Radioactive of Radioactive Materials (TS-G-1.5, IAEA)
  • Schedules of Provisions of the IAEA Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (TS-G-1.6, IAEA)
  • Nuclear Security Recommendations of Nuclear Material and Nuclear Facilities (INFCIRC/225)
  • Security in the Transport of Radioactive Material (NSS 9)
  • Code of conduct on the safety and security of radioactive sources (CoC)

IAEA Transport Safety

IAEA Security

1.2. International Conventions & Codes

  • European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)
  • Regulations concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail (RID), appearing as Appendix C to the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF)
  • Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, published by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, published by the International Maritime Oranization (IMO)
  • European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN)
  • Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)

2. EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES & REGULATIONS

  • Regulation 1493/93/Euratom of 8 June 1993 on shipments of radioactive substances between Members Sates
  • Directive 95/50/EC of 6 October 1995 on uniform procedures for checks on the transport of dangerous goods by road
  • Directive 2004/112/EC of 13 December 2004 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 95/50/EC on uniform procedures for checks on the transport of dangerous goods by roadText
  • Directive 96/29/Euratom of 13 May 1996 laying down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionising radiation
  • Directive 2000/18/EC of 17 April 2000 on minimum examination requirements for safety advisers for the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail or inland waterway
  • Directive 2003/122/Euratom of 22 December 2003 on the control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources
  • Directive 2006/117/Euratom of 20 November 2006 on the supervision and control of shipments of radioactive waste and spent fuel
  • Directive 2008/68/EC of 24 September 2008 on the inland transport of dangerous goods

EUR-Lex

Nuclear energy: EU Legislation Database

3. NATIONAL LEGISLATION

BELGIUM

Federal Agency for Nuclear Controle [Website]

The transport of radioactive material in Belgium is governed by the Royal Decree of 22 October 2017 on the transport of class 7 dangerous goods and the 4 associated FANC regulations.

The transport of Class 7 dangerous goods, the handling, during multimodal transport, of packages, containers or tanks containing these goods and the establishment of an interruption site may only be carried out by natural or legal persons recognized by the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control under the provisions of this Decree.

If the shipment is not recurrent, it's possible to apply for a licence for the one-off transport (see article 18 of the Decree).

The application should also signed by a recognized body in health physics controls, namely (by alphabetical order) : Be.Sure or Vincotte Controlatom.


For the recognition, a fee must be paid in function of the transport mode, the UN groups and subcontractors or not. See table 6 (annex) of the Royal Decree. For a recognition valid more than one year, a yearly tax should also be paid by the holder of the recognition.

Link : https://afcn.fgov.be/fr/professionnels/transport-de-matieres-radioactives/version-en-transport


CZECH REPUBLIC

State Office for Nuclear Safety SUJB [Website]

Contact: 

  • address: Senovážné nám?stí 9, 110 00 Prague 1, Czech Republic
  • telephone: +420 221 624 111
  • fax: +420 222 220 917
  • e-mail: podatelna@sujb.cz

The shipment of radioactive material on the territory of the Czech Republic has to carry out in compliance with:

Act No. 18/1997 Coll. of 24 January 1997 on Peaceful Utilisation of Nuclear Energy and Ionising Radiation (the Atomic Act) and on Amendments and Alterations to Some Acts and Decree No. 317 of 13 June 2002 On type-approval of packagings for shipment, storage and disposal of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, on type-approval of ionizing radiation sources and shipment of nuclear materials and specified radioactive substances (on type-approval and shipment)

A licence issued by the State Office for Nuclear Safety is required for following types of transport:

  1. shipment of nuclear materials, except uranium depleted of 235U isotope, provided it forms shielding,
  2. shipment of special form radioactive material with activity greater than 3.103 of A1 and radioactive substances other than in special form with activity greater than 10ł of A2 or radioactive substance with activity higher than 1000 TBq, depending on which level is lower,
  3. shipment of nuclear materials or radioactive substances in packaging of type B(M), not designed for the range of temperatures from minus 40oC to plus 70oC or designed to enable controlled intermittent venting,
  4. shipment under special arrangement,
  5. shipment by a special-purpose vessel, with a specified program of radiation protection,
  6. shipment of nuclear material or radioactive substances whose A1 and A2 values were determined by a calculation.

The following packagings for transport of nuclear materials and radioactive substances may only be used if type-approved by the State Office for Nuclear Safety:

  1. packaging of type IP for shipment of nuclear materials,
  2. packaging for shipment of 0.1 kg and more of uranium hexafluoride,
  3. packaging of type A for shipment of nuclear materials,
  4. packaging of type B(U), B(M) and C for shipment of nuclear materials and radioactive substances.

B(U)–type package for transport of radioactive substances approved in a similar manner in the EU Member States shall be considered type-approved hereunder.

Link: http://www.sujb.cz/en/nuclear-safety/radiation-material-transportation/

FINLAND

Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority STUK [website]

Transport of radioactive material is considered to use of radiation under the Radiation Act (512/1991). Transport is exempt of a safety license under Section 17 of the Act.

Link: http://plus.edilex.fi/stuklex/en/lainsaadanto/19910592

Transport of nuclear material is considered to use of nuclear energy under the Nuclear Energy Act (990/1987). The general requirement is that transports (such as fresh fuel) require a license from the competent authority, STUK. See also STUK's guide YVL D.2.

Links:

The "umbrella law" that covers all modes of transport is the Act on Transport of Dangerous Goods 719/1994.

Link: http://www.finlex.fi/en/laki/kaannokset/1994/en19940719.pdf (not all amendments included)

FRANCE

FRANCE

Autorite de surete nucleaire (ASN) [Website in French/  [Website in English]

 

The transport of radioactive material in France is subject to the Dangerous Goods Transport Regulations (such as the ADR, RID, ADN, IMDG code and ICAO Technical Instructions) which are consistent with the IAEA Transport Regulations and in addition at least to the provisions of:

  • The Public Health Code (General principles of radiation protection - Public exposure),
  • The Labor Code (General protection of workers),
  • The Environment Code (Public and environmental exposure),
  • The Transport Code,
  • The order of 29th May 2009 concerning the carriage of dangerous goods by land (called the "TMD order"),
  • The instruction of 26 June 2008 pertaining to the technical rules and administrative procedures applicable to commercial air transport and regulation EC 859/2008 dated 20 August 2008 (EU OPS1),
  • The order of 23 November 1987 concerning the safety of ships, attached regulation, division 411 (called the "RSN Order").

See https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/

 

Notification of transport, loading, unloading and handling of radioactive substance: ASN has introduced a notification requirement for all companies engaged in transport of radioactive substances in whole or in part in France. This notification is made in electronic form from the plateform https://teleservices.asn.fr/.

A receipt of notification is generated automatically at the end of the notification when all the mandatory fields have been filled in.

All companies carrying out the following operations are concerned by this obligation of notification:

  • shipping of packages of radioactive substances,
  • loading or unloading these packages,
  • handling of these packages, after loading or unloading.

 

Notification of event concerning the transport of radioactive substances on public roads (notification of anomaly compromising transport safety) is made through the plateform https://teleservices.asn.fr/ (translation in English is available).

It also enables the significant event report (CRES) to be produced within 2 months following the significant radioactive substances transport event notification, to be transmitted to ASN. The detailed assessment of the event should address all corrective measures taken or envisaged.

The notification procedure is detailed in the ASN Guide No. 31 http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/References/ASN-Guides-non-binding/ASN-Guide-No.-31.

 

ASN formalises its radiation protection recommendations for the transport of radioactive substances: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/News-releases/Radiation-protection-recommendations-for-the-transport-of-radioactive-substances. The ASN Guide No. 29 aims at providing advice to help carriers meet their regulatory obligations relative to the radiation protection of workers and the public. It endeavours to show the relationships between the applicable texts, such as the order of 29th May 2009 amended relative to overland transportation of hazardous goods, and the Labour and Public Health Codes. The guide includes the ASN recommendations regarding the minimum content of the radiation protection programme (RPP) required by the regulations, along with concrete examples.

 

ASN formalises its recommendations for contents of management plans regarding incidents and accidents involving the transport of radioactive substances: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/References/ASN-Guides-non-binding/ASN-Guide-No.-17.

 

ASN gives recommendations concerning the filling-out of orange-coloured plates for the transport of radioactive substances: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Media/Files/Filling-out-of-orange-coloured-plates-for-the-transport-of-radioactive-substances.

 

ASN gives its recommendations to check  the quality of stowage of radioactive packages, materials and objects for transportation: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/References/ASN-Guides-non-binding/ASN-Guide-No.-27 . Indeed, Secure stowage of packages is an important aspect of the defense in depth approach which serves to ensure the safety of transport operations. The regulations therefore require consignments to be securely stowed.

 

ASN presents the applicant's guide related to applications for shipment approval and certificate of package design or radioactive materials for civil usage transported by public roads, by water or by railroad: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/References/ASN-Guides-non-binding/ASN-Guide-No.-7.

 

ASN sets out recommendations to help BNI licensees to take into account the risks that the on-site transport operations represent for the interests mentioned in article L. 593-1 of the Environment Code: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/References/ASN-Guides-non-binding/ASN-Guide-No.-34. Indeed, internal transport operations of dangerous goods conducted on the private roadways of a nuclear site, that is to say a site accommodating one basic nuclear installation (BNI) or more, are generally not subject to the regulations applicable to the transport of dangerous goods on public roads.

 

For more information about safety in transport:

The contact for all requests is : dts-transport@asn.fr.

GERMANY

The transport of radioactive material in Germany is subject to the Dangerous Goods Transport Regulations which are consistent with the IAEA Transport Regulations and in addition to the provisions of the German Atomic Energy Act in conjunction with the German Radiation Protection Ordinance.

The responsibility for the Dangerous Goods Transport Regulations rests with the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and for the Regulations concerning the Atomic Law the responsible authority is the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)

The Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE) is the competent authority for shipment approvals for fissile materials according to para 4 of the German Atomic Energy Act and for shipment approvals for large sources (activity per package exceeds 1000 TBq) according to para 16 of the German Radiation Protection Ordinance as well as for approvals of Type B(U), Type B(M) and Type C packages, packages containing fissile material, shipments, special arrangements and notifications according to the dangerous goods regulations for all modes of transport.

The Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) is responsible for approvals of special form radioactive material, low dispersible radioactive material and packages containing 0,1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride according to the dangerous goods regulations for all modes of transport.

The contact person for all requests is: ingo.reiche@bfe.bund.de

HUNGARY

Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority [website: www.haea.gov.hu]

The Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority, as designated by Article 17 (2) of the Atomic Act (CXVI law of 1996), is the competent authority in procedures assigned to regulatory competence by the stipulations of the laws and international agreements on the transport of dangerous goods. The relevant recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency written in IAEA Specific Safety Requirements No. SSR-6 (Rev.1) (Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material) serve as a basis for the requirements of the international mode-specific agreements, of which Hungary is a member, for the transport and packaging of radioactive materials.
On the territory of Hungary the shipment of radioactive material shall be carried out according to ADR/RID/ADN.
A transport licence (issued by HAEA) is necessary for the transportation of radioactive materials only for Hungarian carriers. For foreign carriers transport physical protection licence or registration is needed issued by the HAEA.

IRELAND

ITALY

National Inspectorate for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection [Website]

The transport of radioactive material is governed by the Law on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy No. 1860 of 31 December 1962 (as amended) and the Legislative Decree on Protection of workers, public and environment against the risk of ionizing radiation No. 230 of 17 March 1995 (as amended).

An authorization (issued by the Ministry of economic development) is necessary to transport radioactive materials in Italy.

LUXEMBOURG

The transport of radioactive material is governed by chapter 3 of the Grand-Ducal regulation of 14 December 2000 concerning the protection of the population against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation, as modified.

A transport licence (issued by the Minister of Health) is necessary for the transportation of radioactive materials on Luxembourgish territory.

NORWAY

Norwegian RadiationProtection Authority [Website]

The Norwegian edition of ADR and RID : http://www.dsb.no/Global/Publikasjoner/2014/Andre/ADR_RID_2015.pdf

SLOVAKIA

SLOVAKIA

Transport of radioactive material is considered as a practice that can increase the radiation exposure of individuals and therefore is managed as a planned exposure situation based on Act No. 87/2018 Coll. On Radiation Protection.

For shipments of radioactive material other than excepted packages a transport license is required. The competent authority for the safe transport of radioactive material is the Ministry of Transport and Construction of the Slovak Republic [website]. Transport license is general, based on selected UN numbers and without time validation. The fee charged for the license is 50 EUR per one UN number or 1000 EUR in the case of fissile material.

In addition, when the fissile material is transported, a nuclear safety transport license is required based on Act. No. 541/2004 Coll. on the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy (Atomic Act). The competent authority for nuclear safety and security is the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic [website].

SPAIN

Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear [http://www.csn.es]

Legislation applicable in Spain and other information of interest on transport of radioactive material may be found in the document: Transport of radioactive material (practical documentation for professionals).

SWEDEN

Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) [Website: https://www.stralsakerhetsmyndigheten.se/en/enactments/acts-and-ordinances/ ]

The Transport of Radioactive Material on or transiting Swedish Territory, or on Swedish seagoing vessels or aircraft, requires a Transport Permit issued by SSM.

Legislation:

  • The Act (SFS 1984:3) on Nuclear Activities (Transport of Nuclear Material and Nuclear Waste).
  • The Radiation Protection Act (SFS 2018:396) (Transport of other Radioactive Material).
  • The Transport of Dangerous Goods Act (SFS 2006:263).
  • Ordinance (SFS 2008:463) on certain fees to the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority.

THE NETHERLANDS

Authority for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (ANVS) Website: http://english.autoriteitnvs.nl/

More information on legislation, notifications and license applications:http://english.autoriteitnvs.nl/topics/transport



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